Farm Division Information (excerpt from the 2017 Folsom American Little League By-Laws)
Games are four (4) innings or one hour and thirty minutes, whichever comes first.
All games will be played using the Local League provided leather flexi-ball.
Distance between bases is sixty (60) feet. Distance between home plate and pitcher’s mound is forty (40) feet.
Prior to each game, Managers shall mark an arc approximately ten (10) feet from home plate and between the foul lines. A hit ball must travel beyond the arc or it will be called a foul ball. A ball picked up inside the arc is a foul ball, whether it is still moving or is has stopped.
Game scores are not kept during the game.
No team standings or player statistics shall be maintained.
The Offensive team shall supply first and third adult base coaches who will assist the runners on base and shall call all plays on the bases.
The Offensive team shall supply a coach pitcher that will pitch to his/her batters and will protect the defensive pitcher from injury. This coach will make all calls occurring at home plate.
The Offensive team shall have a coach or approved volunteer in the dugout at all times when the players are present. No player is allowed to hold a bat while in the dugout unless they are moving onto the field of play or returning from the field of play.
Teams shall bat their entire roster each inning regardless of the number of outs. The batting order shall not be changed during the game. If a Player arrives late to a game, but in time to bat in his/her original slot, then that Player will bat in the original slot shown on the line-up. If a Player arrives late and is unable to bat in his/her original lineup slot, that Player will be placed at the end of the batting lineup.
Batters are to be encouraged to hit the ball into play. There shall be no base on balls or base awarded as a result of a player being hit by a pitched ball.
Any batter who throws the bat will be warned that if he/she throws the bat a second time in the game he/she will be called out. The batter shall be called out the first time the bat is thrown if it hits anyone.
Bunting is not allowed.
Leading off and stealing bases is not allowed.
Runners shall not advance to the next base on any passed or overthrown balls.
A player may slide into any base, other than first, on any close play. A runner may only slide feet first. Ho head first sliding is permitted. Any player who slides head first shall be called out.
When a player hits a ball into the field of play that player may only advance to 1st base if the ball does not travel past where the defensive infielders are playing. When a player hits a ball into the field of play and the ball travels into the outfield past where the defensive infielders were playing that batter may advance as far as second (2nd) base, but will do so at the risk of being tagged out at 2nd base.
The final batter in each half inning shall run from the batter’s box around all bases (Home Run) once they put the ball into play and is not subject to being thrown or tagged out at any base. The defensive team may attempt a play, but the runner will not be out if they are successful.
Up to three (3) adult defensive coaches are permissible on the field to assist defensive players.
There is no limit to the number of outs that may be recorded in an inning and the three (3) out per inning rule shall not apply in the Farm division. If a player is called out on the base path, he/she does not remain on the base and must leave the field of play, returning to the bench/dugout area.
When playing defense, all team members are on the field. Infielders (Pitcher, Catcher, 1st Base, 2nd Base, Short Stop, and 3rd Base) shall play normal positions. The remaining players will fill the outfield.
Outfield positions must be played in the outfield. Outfield players shall not be permitted to crowd into the infield and shall not be permitted to run into the infield to field a ball that would normally be handled by an infielder. Any out obtained by the defensive team in violation of this rule will result in the batter and/or runner being called safe.
Any player fielding the position of Catcher must wear all the proper protective equipment (Helmet, Mask, Throat Guard, Chest Protector, and Leg Protection) and shall play the proper position behind home plate. An Offensive or Defensive coach is recommended to aid the catcher in returning the balls to the coach pitcher.
The Pitcher must begin within five (5) feet of the pitching rubber.
Each Player, in every game, must play at least two (2) defensive innings as an infielder. Infield positions include Pitcher, Catcher, 1st Base, 2nd Base, Short Stop, and 3rd Base. There will be no exceptions unless a player is injured and leaves the game or the Manager makes alternative arrangements with the consent of the President, vice President of Divisions, or Player Agent. Parents shall be notified of any change made to the application of this rule.
The infield fly rule does not apply.
Each batter will receive five (5) pitches from a coach pitcher. If the batter does not hit the ball into fair play after the batter receives the 5th pitch (irrespective of pitch quality), then the player shall hit off the tee. If the batter fouls the 5th pitch thrown by the coach, he/she will continue to receive pitches until the batter swings and misses at a pitch or puts the ball in fair play, whichever comes first.
The Offensive coach that is pitching shall call all plays at home plate.
The coach shall only pitch overhand, from a knee/bucket, and from a distance that will give the batter ample time to react to the ball. The coach is encouraged to pitch a strike to the player no matter how the player swings to teach proper swing to the player.
Coaches that violate the five (5) pitch rule are subject to disciplinary action including suspension. The rule ensures that the defensive team can maintain focus long enough to adequately protect themselves from a hard hit ball.